GUAYAQUIL - ECUADOR
MANABI AND ITS PROSPERITY
Manabi, a province of Ecuador located in
the west of the country, is one of the five forming the
Coastal Region. To the north it borders on the province
of Esmeraldas, to the east on Pichincha and Guayas, to the
south on Guayas, and to the west on the Pacific Ocean. The
highest points in Manabi are no more than
700 meters above sea level. In the center and north of the
province are the mountains of Jama, Chindul, Canoa and Los
Manabi has approximately 350 kilometers
of sea coast, with significant geographical features such
as Cojimies Bay, Jama Point, Pasado Cape, Caraquez Bay,
Manta Bay, Jaramijo Point, San Jose Cape, San Lorenzo Cape,
Cayo Cove and the islands of La Plata and Salango. The area
of Manabi is 18,880 km2.
The climate is quite even, with average temperatures of 25°Celsius, though the maximum can reach 36°C. There is one zone with a tropical savannah climate and another with tropical monsoon, in the west.
There is a broad hydrographic network, with few perennial rivers; among the most important are: Manta, Portoviejo, Chone and Briceño; there is also a hydrographic basin served by the rivers Daule and Peripa.
Manabi is also a province with a wealth
of archeological sites, notable among which are the discoveries
at Machalilla, in the Machalilla National Park, Bahia and
Manta. The latter port, fishing and industrial city, together
with Montecristi and Portoviejo, the capital, are the main
urban centers of the province. Its area is 18,879 km2.,
with a population of 1,186,025 inhabitants (year 2000).
It is made up of a hill zone, parallel to the coast, and a coastal plain. This is the Colonche-Balzar cordillera, a prolongation of the high and craggy Guayas hills in the south. The coastal plain has a low shoreline, marked by broad bays between rocky ridges forming the capes or points. In order of importance, these are, firstly, the capes Pasado, San Mateo and San Lorenzo, and then the points Pedernales and Bellaca. Cape Pasado forms the entrance to the arid coast, because from there southwards the effects of the Humboldt current are most felt, with precipitations ranging between 250 and 500 mm per year. Towards the north and to the interior, the climate is wetter. There it changes from a xerophilous type vegetation to tropical forest formations. The main urban centers are: Manta, Portoviejo, Bahia, Chone and Jipijapa. The preeminence of Manta was consolidated with the building of the sea-port.
Manabi's economy is based on agriculture,
with plantations of cotton, rice, coffee, peanuts, fruit-trees
and vegetables. Using the natural vegetation, the main activities
are palm-fiber production for making Panama hats; vegetable
ivory, which is obtained from the seed of another kind of
palm (corojo), used to make buttons and for handcrafts;
and coconut oils. Another important resource is fishing,
which is driving a significant canning activity.
Tourism, as an economic resource for the Manabi
province, is in full development, since there are natural,
cultural and landscape attractions that make it a favorite
place for tourists. The main attractions are in Manta and
its beaches, El Murcielago and Tarqui; Crucita in Portoviejo;
San Jacinto and San Clemente; further north, San Vicente,
Boca de Briceño, Canoa, Pedernales, Cojimies; and, to the
south, Puerto Cayo, Puerto Lopez and Machalilla National
The beauty of the beaches, the landscapes, and the location
of the province in relation to Quito, which is the main
city where the tourists for the Sierra come from, place
Manabi in an advantageous position.
There is a steady flow of tourists to the province throughout the year. The most popular months are July, August, September and holidays such as Christmas, New Year's, Carnival and Holy Week.
Machalilla National Park:
This starts 80 kilometers south of Portoviejo, in the area
of Jipijapa and Puerto Lopez. It is an ecological reserve
of endangered flora and fauna, with archeological remains
from the Machalilla culture that was based in the
area. The park includes museums, woods and two small islands:
La Plata and Salango.
This has spacious beaches. The river Chone estuary can be crossed in launch or barge to the beach of San Vicente. The area is a great producer of prawns. The mangrove swamps of the estuary are reservations, declared a zone for fauna production.
Birthplace of the famous liberal revolutionary, Eloy Alfaro,
it has a glorious history. The city is noted for being a
craft center, working in toquilla straw and making
cane furniture. The La Pila parish is famous for the ingenious
creativity of its craftspeople, who make replicas of pre-Columbian
pottery and other interesting designs.
It is called the City of the Royal Tamarinds. There are still a few old houses in the city, examples of the architecture of the end of the 19th and start of the 20th century. Among its main attractions are the Crucita beaches, the Encanto Lagoon in San Placido, the Reales Tamarindos Stadium, the Metropolitan Cathedral and El Sagrario church in the center of Portoviejo, and the festivals celebrated on September 24th in honor of its patron, Our Lady of Mercy, and on Independence Day, October 18th.
Other tourist attractions
Pozos de Choconcha, in Jipijapa.
Mt De Hojas, 10 kilometers from Portoviejo.
Encanto Lagoon, near San Placido, 20 kilometers
The "Casa del Diablo" [Devil's House],
This was built in stone by the aboriginal inhabitants of Junin.
Salto Fe Waterfall
In Jama, a 40-meter waterfall.
In Manta canton
Come and visit us, we look forward to having you