A great moor
with volcanic landscapes, natural habitat of condors, deer and
other animals conform the Cotopaxi National Park, founded on July
26th, 1979. Tempting route for chancy "andinistas" that
do not doubt to challenge
the climate and the height in their desire of reaching the summit
of the Cotopaxi, the highest active volcano in the world.
Waters coming from gelid glaciers sculpted the bases of an old
volcano to form the cone of the powerful Cotopaxi that was considered
as a sacred place by the native quechuas during centuries.
that in 1534, in the middle of a combat with the Spaniards, the
Cotopaxi (Cone of Moon in Castilian), erupted and caused panic
among the spaniards, while the natives began to worship to the
Since the arrival of the Spanish conquerors, the Cotopaxi has
erupted several times. The biggest tragedy happened in 1877, when
the glaciers that came off of the volcano, erased off the map
the city of Latacunga.
one in climbing the Cotopaxi, following the oriental route of
the mountain, was the German Wilhelm Reiss in 1872. The most used
road is the north route and it was the one used one decade later
by the British Edward Whymper. However routes are constantly varying
according to the fall of snow.
Next to the
National park of Cotopaxi (with an extension of 33,393 hectares),
there is a beautiful forest of pines that conform the National
Area of Recreation El Boliche. The coniferous were sowed by Lucio
Andrade Marín in 1928, to verify if these trees would adapt
to the ecosystems of height.
constitute the main forest trees of this recreation
area and they occupy 50 percent of the same one. Some years ago,
they were affected by a mushroom that tints of brown their trunks
and branches, that at the same time has harmed to the other species.
The main attractions
of this park whose temperature average at day is 7º centigrade
and in the nights descends until the 0 degrees, are:
The Cotopaxi volcano: whose summit becomes a challenge
for the andinistas. When arriving at the
mountain refuge José Ribas (4,800 m.a.s.l.) -located in
the nor-oriental side- you can admire the Valley of Limpiopungo
and its volcanic panorama with rakes of old eruptions. To ascend
to the summit, you must use special equipment and be accompanied
by a guide.
The Rumiñahui volcano: reaches about 4,757 meters
of altitude and is located next to the Cotopaxi and the Sincholagua
volcanos. Occasionally there can be condors in their rocks.
The lagoon of Limpiopungo: Excellent pointto
take pictures, surrounded by the Cotopaxi, Sincholagua and Rumiñahui.
In this area, there are deers, rabbits, llamas and other species
of mammals living.
Lagoon of Santo Domingo: supplied by a spring and adorned
with vestiges of stone walls of the Incan time.
Mirador and planicie of Sunfana: At the base of the mirador, the
visitor will appreciate the green pine forests on a vast plain.
where sport fishing of trouts with previous authorization of INEFAN
is allowed. It is an 8 meters wide river, but it is not very deep.
In the same
area there are pre colombinan remains of platforms and stone enclosures,
built apparently by the old worshipers of the snowy volcano.